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ngx_http_headers_filter_module.c

/*
 * Copyright (C) Igor Sysoev
 */


#include <ngx_config.h>
#include <ngx_core.h>
#include <ngx_http.h>


typedef struct {
    ngx_table_elt_t   value;
    ngx_array_t      *lengths;
    ngx_array_t      *values;
} ngx_http_header_val_t;


typedef struct {
    time_t            expires;
    ngx_str_t         cache_control;
    ngx_array_t      *headers;
} ngx_http_headers_conf_t;


#define NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_UNSET   -2147483647
#define NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_OFF     -2147483646
#define NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_EPOCH   -2147483645
#define NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_MAX     -2147483644


static void *ngx_http_headers_create_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf);
static char *ngx_http_headers_merge_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf,
    void *parent, void *child);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_headers_filter_init(ngx_conf_t *cf);
static char *ngx_http_headers_expires(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd,
    void *conf);
static char *ngx_http_headers_add(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd,
    void *conf);


static ngx_command_t  ngx_http_headers_filter_commands[] = {

    { ngx_string("expires"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LIF_CONF
                        |NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_http_headers_expires,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      0,
      NULL},

    { ngx_string("add_header"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LIF_CONF
                        |NGX_CONF_TAKE2,
      ngx_http_headers_add,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      0,
      NULL},

      ngx_null_command
};


static ngx_http_module_t  ngx_http_headers_filter_module_ctx = {
    NULL,                                  /* preconfiguration */
    ngx_http_headers_filter_init,          /* postconfiguration */

    NULL,                                  /* create main configuration */
    NULL,                                  /* init main configuration */

    NULL,                                  /* create server configuration */
    NULL,                                  /* merge server configuration */

    ngx_http_headers_create_conf,          /* create location configuration */
    ngx_http_headers_merge_conf            /* merge location configuration */
};


ngx_module_t  ngx_http_headers_filter_module = {
    NGX_MODULE_V1,
    &ngx_http_headers_filter_module_ctx,   /* module context */
    ngx_http_headers_filter_commands,      /* module directives */
    NGX_HTTP_MODULE,                       /* module type */
    NULL,                                  /* init master */
    NULL,                                  /* init module */
    NULL,                                  /* init process */
    NULL,                                  /* init thread */
    NULL,                                  /* exit thread */
    NULL,                                  /* exit process */
    NULL,                                  /* exit master */
    NGX_MODULE_V1_PADDING
};


static ngx_http_output_header_filter_pt  ngx_http_next_header_filter;


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_headers_filter(ngx_http_request_t *r)
{
    size_t                    len;
    ngx_uint_t                i;
    ngx_table_elt_t          *expires, *cc, **ccp, *out;
    ngx_http_header_val_t    *h;
    ngx_http_headers_conf_t  *conf;

    if (r != r->main
        || (r->headers_out.status != NGX_HTTP_OK
            && r->headers_out.status != NGX_HTTP_NO_CONTENT
            && r->headers_out.status != NGX_HTTP_MOVED_PERMANENTLY
            && r->headers_out.status != NGX_HTTP_MOVED_TEMPORARILY
            && r->headers_out.status != NGX_HTTP_NOT_MODIFIED))
    {
        return ngx_http_next_header_filter(r);
    }

    conf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_headers_filter_module);

    if (conf->expires != NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_OFF) {

        expires = r->headers_out.expires;

        if (expires == NULL) {

            expires = ngx_list_push(&r->headers_out.headers);
            if (expires == NULL) {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }

            r->headers_out.expires = expires;

            expires->hash = 1;
            expires->key.len = sizeof("Expires") - 1;
            expires->key.data = (u_char *) "Expires";
        }

        len = sizeof("Mon, 28 Sep 1970 06:00:00 GMT");
        expires->value.len = len - 1;

        ccp = r->headers_out.cache_control.elts;

        if (ccp == NULL) {

            if (ngx_array_init(&r->headers_out.cache_control, r->pool,
                               1, sizeof(ngx_table_elt_t *))
                != NGX_OK)
            {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }

            ccp = ngx_array_push(&r->headers_out.cache_control);
            if (ccp == NULL) {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }

            cc = ngx_list_push(&r->headers_out.headers);
            if (cc == NULL) {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }

            cc->hash = 1;
            cc->key.len = sizeof("Cache-Control") - 1;
            cc->key.data = (u_char *) "Cache-Control";

            *ccp = cc;

        } else {
            for (i = 1; i < r->headers_out.cache_control.nelts; i++) {
                ccp[i]->hash = 0;
            }

            cc = ccp[0];
        }

        if (conf->expires == NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_EPOCH) {
            expires->value.data = (u_char *) "Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:01 GMT";

            cc->value.len = sizeof("no-cache") - 1;
            cc->value.data = (u_char *) "no-cache";

        } else if (conf->expires == NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_MAX) {
            expires->value.data = (u_char *) "Thu, 31 Dec 2037 23:55:55 GMT";

            /* 10 years */
            cc->value.len = sizeof("max-age=315360000") - 1;
            cc->value.data = (u_char *) "max-age=315360000";

        } else {
            expires->value.data = ngx_palloc(r->pool, len);
            if (expires->value.data == NULL) {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }

            if (conf->expires == 0) {
                ngx_memcpy(expires->value.data, ngx_cached_http_time.data,
                           ngx_cached_http_time.len + 1);

                cc->value.len = sizeof("max-age=0") - 1;
                cc->value.data = (u_char *) "max-age=0";

            } else {
                ngx_http_time(expires->value.data, ngx_time() + conf->expires);

                if (conf->expires < 0) {
                    cc->value.len = sizeof("no-cache") - 1;
                    cc->value.data = (u_char *) "no-cache";

                } else {
                    cc->value.data = ngx_palloc(r->pool, sizeof("max-age=")
                                                         + NGX_TIME_T_LEN + 1);
                    if (cc->value.data == NULL) {
                        return NGX_ERROR;
                    }

                    cc->value.len = ngx_sprintf(cc->value.data, "max-age=%T",
                                                conf->expires)
                                    - cc->value.data;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    if (conf->cache_control.len) {

        ccp = r->headers_out.cache_control.elts;

        if (ccp == NULL) {

            if (ngx_array_init(&r->headers_out.cache_control, r->pool,
                               1, sizeof(ngx_table_elt_t *))
                != NGX_OK)
            {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }
        }

        ccp = ngx_array_push(&r->headers_out.cache_control);
        if (ccp == NULL) {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        cc = ngx_list_push(&r->headers_out.headers);
        if (cc == NULL) {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        cc->hash = 1;
        cc->key.len = sizeof("Cache-Control") - 1;
        cc->key.data = (u_char *) "Cache-Control";
        cc->value = conf->cache_control;

        *ccp = cc;
    }

    if (conf->headers) {
        h = conf->headers->elts;
        for (i = 0; i < conf->headers->nelts; i++) {
            out = ngx_list_push(&r->headers_out.headers);
            if (out == NULL) {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }

            out->hash = h[i].value.hash;
            out->key = h[i].value.key;

            if (h[i].lengths == NULL) {
                out->value = h[i].value.value;
                continue;
            }

            if (ngx_http_script_run(r, &out->value, h[i].lengths->elts, 0,
                                    h[i].values->elts)
                == NULL)
            {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }
        }
    }

    return ngx_http_next_header_filter(r);
}


static void *
ngx_http_headers_create_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_http_headers_conf_t  *conf;

    conf = ngx_pcalloc(cf->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_headers_conf_t));
    if (conf == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    /*
     * set by ngx_pcalloc():
     *
     *     conf->cache_control.len = 0;
     *     conf->cache_control.data = NULL;
     *     conf->headers = NULL;
     */

    conf->expires = NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_UNSET;

    return conf;
}


static char *
ngx_http_headers_merge_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf, void *parent, void *child)
{
    ngx_http_headers_conf_t *prev = parent;
    ngx_http_headers_conf_t *conf = child;

    if (conf->expires == NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_UNSET) {
        conf->expires = (prev->expires == NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_UNSET) ?
                                          NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_OFF : prev->expires;
    }

    if (conf->cache_control.data == NULL) {
        conf->cache_control = prev->cache_control;
    }

    if (conf->headers == NULL) {
        conf->headers = prev->headers;
    }

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_headers_filter_init(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_http_next_header_filter = ngx_http_top_header_filter;
    ngx_http_top_header_filter = ngx_http_headers_filter;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static char *
ngx_http_headers_expires(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd, void *conf)
{
    ngx_http_headers_conf_t *hcf = conf;

    ngx_uint_t   minus;
    ngx_str_t   *value;

    if (hcf->expires != NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_UNSET) {
        return "is duplicate";
    }

    value = cf->args->elts;

    if (ngx_strcmp(value[1].data, "epoch") == 0) {
        hcf->expires = NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_EPOCH;
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    if (ngx_strcmp(value[1].data, "max") == 0) {
        hcf->expires = NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_MAX;
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    if (ngx_strcmp(value[1].data, "off") == 0) {
        hcf->expires = NGX_HTTP_EXPIRES_OFF;
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    if (value[1].data[0] == '+') {
        value[1].data++;
        value[1].len--;
        minus = 0;

    } else if (value[1].data[0] == '-') {
        value[1].data++;
        value[1].len--;
        minus = 1;

    } else {
        minus = 0;
    }

    hcf->expires = ngx_parse_time(&value[1], 1);

    if (hcf->expires == NGX_ERROR) {
        return "invalid value";
    }

    if (hcf->expires == NGX_PARSE_LARGE_TIME) {
        return "value must be less than 68 years";
    }

    if (minus) {
        hcf->expires = - hcf->expires;
    }

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}


static char *
ngx_http_headers_add(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd, void *conf)
{
    ngx_http_headers_conf_t *hcf = conf;

    ngx_int_t                   n;
    ngx_str_t                  *value;
    ngx_http_header_val_t      *h;
    ngx_http_script_compile_t   sc;

    value = cf->args->elts;

    if (ngx_strcasecmp(value[1].data, "cache-control") == 0) {
        hcf->cache_control = value[2];
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    if (hcf->headers == NULL) {
        hcf->headers = ngx_array_create(cf->pool, 1,
                                        sizeof(ngx_http_header_val_t));
        if (hcf->headers == NULL) {
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }
    }

    h = ngx_array_push(hcf->headers);
    if (h == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    h->value.hash = 1;
    h->value.key = value[1];
    h->value.value = value[2];
    h->lengths = NULL;
    h->values = NULL;

    n = ngx_http_script_variables_count(&value[2]);

    if (n == 0) {
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    ngx_memzero(&sc, sizeof(ngx_http_script_compile_t));

    sc.cf = cf;
    sc.source = &value[2];
    sc.lengths = &h->lengths;
    sc.values = &h->values;
    sc.variables = n;
    sc.complete_lengths = 1;
    sc.complete_values = 1;

    if (ngx_http_script_compile(&sc) != NGX_OK) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}

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