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ngx_http_static_module.c

/*
 * Copyright (C) Igor Sysoev
 */


#include <ngx_config.h>
#include <ngx_core.h>
#include <ngx_http.h>


typedef struct {
    ngx_http_cache_hash_t  *redirect_cache;
} ngx_http_static_loc_conf_t;


static ngx_int_t ngx_http_static_handler(ngx_http_request_t *r);
static void *ngx_http_static_create_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf);
static char *ngx_http_static_merge_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf,
    void *parent, void *child);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_static_init(ngx_conf_t *cf);


static ngx_command_t  ngx_http_static_commands[] = {

#if (NGX_HTTP_CACHE)

    { ngx_string("redirect_cache"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE3,
      ngx_http_set_cache_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_static_loc_conf_t, redirect_cache),
      NULL },

#endif

      ngx_null_command
};


ngx_http_module_t  ngx_http_static_module_ctx = {
    NULL,                                  /* preconfiguration */
    ngx_http_static_init,                  /* postconfiguration */

    NULL,                                  /* create main configuration */
    NULL,                                  /* init main configuration */

    NULL,                                  /* create server configuration */
    NULL,                                  /* merge server configuration */

    ngx_http_static_create_loc_conf,       /* create location configuration */
    ngx_http_static_merge_loc_conf         /* merge location configuration */
};


ngx_module_t  ngx_http_static_module = {
    NGX_MODULE_V1,
    &ngx_http_static_module_ctx,           /* module context */
    ngx_http_static_commands,              /* module directives */
    NGX_HTTP_MODULE,                       /* module type */
    NULL,                                  /* init master */
    NULL,                                  /* init module */
    NULL,                                  /* init process */
    NULL,                                  /* init thread */
    NULL,                                  /* exit thread */
    NULL,                                  /* exit process */
    NULL,                                  /* exit master */
    NGX_MODULE_V1_PADDING
};


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_static_handler(ngx_http_request_t *r)
{
    u_char                    *last, *location;
    size_t                     root;
    ngx_fd_t                   fd;
    ngx_int_t                  rc;
    ngx_uint_t                 level;
    ngx_str_t                  path;
    ngx_err_t                  err;
    ngx_log_t                 *log;
    ngx_buf_t                 *b;
    ngx_chain_t                out;
    ngx_file_info_t            fi;
    ngx_pool_cleanup_t        *cln;
    ngx_pool_cleanup_file_t   *clnf;
    ngx_http_core_loc_conf_t  *clcf;

    if (!(r->method & (NGX_HTTP_GET|NGX_HTTP_HEAD))) {
        return NGX_HTTP_NOT_ALLOWED;
    }

    if (r->uri.data[r->uri.len - 1] == '/') {
        return NGX_DECLINED;
    }

    /* TODO: Win32 */
    if (r->zero_in_uri) {
        return NGX_DECLINED;
    }

    rc = ngx_http_discard_body(r);

    if (rc != NGX_OK && rc != NGX_AGAIN) {
        return rc;
    }

    log = r->connection->log;

    /*
     * ngx_http_map_uri_to_path() allocates memory for terminating '\0'
     * so we do not need to reserve memory for '/' for possible redirect
     */

    last = ngx_http_map_uri_to_path(r, &path, &root, 0);
    if (last == NULL) {
        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, log, 0,
                   "http filename: \"%s\"", path.data);

    cln = ngx_pool_cleanup_add(r->pool, sizeof(ngx_pool_cleanup_file_t));
    if (cln == NULL) {
        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    fd = ngx_open_file(path.data, NGX_FILE_RDONLY, NGX_FILE_OPEN);

    if (fd == NGX_INVALID_FILE) {
        err = ngx_errno;

        if (err == NGX_ENOENT
            || err == NGX_ENOTDIR
            || err == NGX_ENAMETOOLONG)
        {
            level = NGX_LOG_ERR;
            rc = NGX_HTTP_NOT_FOUND;

        } else if (err == NGX_EACCES) {
            level = NGX_LOG_ERR;
            rc = NGX_HTTP_FORBIDDEN;

        } else {
            level = NGX_LOG_CRIT;
            rc = NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
        }

        clcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);

        if (rc != NGX_HTTP_NOT_FOUND || clcf->log_not_found) {
            ngx_log_error(level, log, err,
                          ngx_open_file_n " \"%s\" failed", path.data);
        }

        return rc;
    }

    ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, log, 0, "http static fd: %d", fd);

    if (ngx_fd_info(fd, &fi) == NGX_FILE_ERROR) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_CRIT, log, ngx_errno,
                      ngx_fd_info_n " \"%s\" failed", path.data);

        if (ngx_close_file(fd) == NGX_FILE_ERROR) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, log, ngx_errno,
                          ngx_close_file_n " \"%s\" failed", path.data);
        }

        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    if (ngx_is_dir(&fi)) {

        ngx_log_debug0(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, log, 0, "http dir");

        if (ngx_close_file(fd) == NGX_FILE_ERROR) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, log, ngx_errno,
                          ngx_close_file_n " \"%s\" failed", path.data);
        }

        r->headers_out.location = ngx_palloc(r->pool, sizeof(ngx_table_elt_t));
        if (r->headers_out.location == NULL) {
            return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
        }

        clcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);

        if (!clcf->alias && clcf->root_lengths == NULL) {
            location = path.data + clcf->root.len;

        } else {
            location = ngx_palloc(r->pool, r->uri.len + 1);
            if (location == NULL) {
                return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
            }

            last = ngx_copy(location, r->uri.data, r->uri.len);
        }

        *last = '/';

        /*
         * we do not need to set the r->headers_out.location->hash and
         * r->headers_out.location->key fields
         */

        r->headers_out.location->value.len = r->uri.len + 1;
        r->headers_out.location->value.data = location;

        return NGX_HTTP_MOVED_PERMANENTLY;
    }

#if !(NGX_WIN32) /* the not regular files are probably Unix specific */

    if (!ngx_is_file(&fi)) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_CRIT, log, ngx_errno,
                      "\"%s\" is not a regular file", path.data);

        if (ngx_close_file(fd) == NGX_FILE_ERROR) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, log, ngx_errno,
                          ngx_close_file_n " \"%s\" failed", path.data);
        }

        return NGX_HTTP_NOT_FOUND;
    }

#endif

    log->action = "sending response to client";

    cln->handler = ngx_pool_cleanup_file;
    clnf = cln->data;

    clnf->fd = fd;
    clnf->name = path.data;
    clnf->log = r->pool->log;

    r->headers_out.status = NGX_HTTP_OK;
    r->headers_out.content_length_n = ngx_file_size(&fi);
    r->headers_out.last_modified_time = ngx_file_mtime(&fi);

    if (ngx_http_set_content_type(r) != NGX_OK) {
        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    if (r != r->main && ngx_file_size(&fi) == 0) {
        return ngx_http_send_header(r);
    }

    r->allow_ranges = 1;

    /* we need to allocate all before the header would be sent */

    b = ngx_pcalloc(r->pool, sizeof(ngx_buf_t));
    if (b == NULL) {
        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    b->file = ngx_pcalloc(r->pool, sizeof(ngx_file_t));
    if (b->file == NULL) {
        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    rc = ngx_http_send_header(r);

    if (rc == NGX_ERROR || rc > NGX_OK || r->header_only) {
        return rc;
    }

    b->file_pos = 0;
    b->file_last = ngx_file_size(&fi);

    b->in_file = b->file_last ? 1: 0;
    b->last_buf = (r == r->main) ? 1: 0;
    b->last_in_chain = 1;

    b->file->fd = fd;
    b->file->name = path;
    b->file->log = log;

    out.buf = b;
    out.next = NULL;

    return ngx_http_output_filter(r, &out);
}


static void *
ngx_http_static_create_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_http_static_loc_conf_t  *conf;

    conf = ngx_palloc(cf->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_static_loc_conf_t));
    if (conf == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    conf->redirect_cache = NULL;

    return conf;
}


static char *
ngx_http_static_merge_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf, void *parent, void *child)
{
    ngx_http_static_loc_conf_t  *prev = parent;
    ngx_http_static_loc_conf_t  *conf = child;

    if (conf->redirect_cache == NULL) {
        conf->redirect_cache = prev->redirect_cache;
    }

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_static_init(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_http_handler_pt        *h;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    cmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_core_module);

    h = ngx_array_push(&cmcf->phases[NGX_HTTP_CONTENT_PHASE].handlers);
    if (h == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    *h = ngx_http_static_handler;

    return NGX_OK;
}

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