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ngx_http_variables.c

/*
 * Copyright (C) Igor Sysoev
 */


#include <ngx_config.h>
#include <ngx_core.h>
#include <ngx_event.h>
#include <ngx_http.h>


static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_request(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static void ngx_http_variable_request_set_size(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_header(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_headers(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);

static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_in(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_out(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_unknown_header(ngx_http_variable_value_t *v,
    ngx_str_t *var, ngx_list_part_t *part, size_t prefix);

static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_host(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_remote_addr(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_remote_port(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_server_addr(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_server_port(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_scheme(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_document_root(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_request_filename(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_request_method(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_remote_user(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_body_bytes_sent(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_request_completion(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_request_body_file(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);

static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_sent_content_type(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_sent_content_length(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_sent_last_modified(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_sent_connection(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_sent_keep_alive(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_variable_sent_transfer_encoding(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data);


/*
 * TODO:
 *     Apache CGI: AUTH_TYPE, PATH_INFO (null), PATH_TRANSLATED
 *                 REMOTE_HOST (null), REMOTE_IDENT (null),
 *                 SERVER_SOFTWARE
 *
 *     Apache SSI: DOCUMENT_NAME, LAST_MODIFIED, USER_NAME (file owner)
 */

/*
 * the $http_host, $http_user_agent, $http_referer, $http_via,
 * and $http_x_forwarded_for variables may be handled by generic
 * ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_in(), but for perfomance reasons
 * they are handled using dedicated entries
 */

static ngx_http_variable_t  ngx_http_core_variables[] = {

    { ngx_string("http_host"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_header,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_in.host), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("http_user_agent"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_header,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_in.user_agent), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("http_referer"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_header,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_in.referer), 0, 0 },

#if (NGX_HTTP_GZIP)
    { ngx_string("http_via"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_header,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_in.via), 0, 0 },
#endif

#if (NGX_HTTP_PROXY)
    { ngx_string("http_x_forwarded_for"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_header,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_in.x_forwarded_for), 0, 0 },
#endif

    { ngx_string("http_cookie"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_headers,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_in.cookies), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("content_length"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_header,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_in.content_length), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("content_type"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_header,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_in.content_type), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("host"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_host, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("remote_addr"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_remote_addr, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("remote_port"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_remote_port, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("server_addr"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_server_addr, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("server_port"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_server_port, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("server_protocol"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, http_protocol), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("scheme"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_scheme, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("request_uri"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, unparsed_uri), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("uri"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, uri),
      NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOCACHABLE, 0 },

    { ngx_string("document_uri"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, uri),
      NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOCACHABLE, 0 },

    { ngx_string("request"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, request_line), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("document_root"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_document_root, 0, NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOCACHABLE, 0 },

    { ngx_string("query_string"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, args),
      NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOCACHABLE, 0 },

    { ngx_string("args"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, args),
      NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOCACHABLE, 0 },

    { ngx_string("request_filename"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_request_filename, 0,
      NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOCACHABLE, 0 },

    { ngx_string("server_name"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, server_name), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("request_method"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_request_method, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("remote_user"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_remote_user, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("body_bytes_sent"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_body_bytes_sent,
      0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("request_completion"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_request_completion,
      0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("request_body_file"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_request_body_file,
      0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("sent_http_content_type"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_sent_content_type, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("sent_http_content_length"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_sent_content_length, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("sent_http_last_modified"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_sent_last_modified, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("sent_http_connection"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_sent_connection, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("sent_http_keep_alive"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_sent_keep_alive, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("sent_http_transfer_encoding"), NULL,
      ngx_http_variable_sent_transfer_encoding, 0, 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("sent_http_cache_control"), NULL, ngx_http_variable_headers,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, headers_out.cache_control), 0, 0 },

    { ngx_string("limit_rate"), ngx_http_variable_request_set_size,
      ngx_http_variable_request,
      offsetof(ngx_http_request_t, limit_rate),
      NGX_HTTP_VAR_CHANGABLE|NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOCACHABLE, 0 },

    { ngx_null_string, NULL, NULL, 0, 0, 0 }
};


ngx_http_variable_value_t  ngx_http_variable_null_value =
    ngx_http_variable("");
ngx_http_variable_value_t  ngx_http_variable_true_value =
    ngx_http_variable("1");


ngx_http_variable_t *
ngx_http_add_variable(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_str_t *name, ngx_uint_t flags)
{
    ngx_int_t                   rc;
    ngx_uint_t                  i;
    ngx_hash_key_t             *key;
    ngx_http_variable_t        *v;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    cmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_core_module);

    key = cmcf->variables_keys->keys.elts;
    for (i = 0; i < cmcf->variables_keys->keys.nelts; i++) {
        if (name->len != key[i].key.len
            || ngx_strncasecmp(name->data, key[i].key.data, name->len) != 0)
        {
            continue;
        }

        v = key[i].value;

        if (!(v->flags & NGX_HTTP_VAR_CHANGABLE)) {
            ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                               "the duplicate \"%V\" variable", name);
            return NULL;
        }

        return v;
    }

    v = ngx_palloc(cf->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_variable_t));
    if (v == NULL) {
        return NULL;
    }

    v->name.len = name->len;
    v->name.data = ngx_palloc(cf->pool, name->len);
    if (v->name.data == NULL) {
        return NULL;
    }

    for (i = 0; i < name->len; i++) {
        v->name.data[i] = ngx_tolower(name->data[i]);
    }

    v->set_handler = NULL;
    v->get_handler = NULL;
    v->data = 0;
    v->flags = flags;
    v->index = 0;

    rc = ngx_hash_add_key(cmcf->variables_keys, &v->name, v, 0);

    if (rc == NGX_ERROR) {
        return NULL;
    }

    if (rc == NGX_BUSY) {
        ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                           "conflicting variable name \"%V\"", name);
        return NULL;
    }

    return v;
}


ngx_int_t
ngx_http_get_variable_index(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_str_t *name)
{
    ngx_uint_t                  i;
    ngx_http_variable_t        *v;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    cmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_core_module);

    v = cmcf->variables.elts;

    if (v == NULL) {
        if (ngx_array_init(&cmcf->variables, cf->pool, 4,
                           sizeof(ngx_http_variable_t)) == NGX_ERROR)
        {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

    } else {
        for (i = 0; i < cmcf->variables.nelts; i++) {
            if (name->len != v[i].name.len
                || ngx_strncasecmp(name->data, v[i].name.data, name->len) != 0)
            {
                continue;
            }

            return i;
        }
    }

    v = ngx_array_push(&cmcf->variables);
    if (v == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    v->name.len = name->len;
    v->name.data = ngx_palloc(cf->pool, name->len);
    if (v->name.data == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    for (i = 0; i < name->len; i++) {
        v->name.data[i] = ngx_tolower(name->data[i]);
    }

    v->set_handler = NULL;
    v->get_handler = NULL;
    v->data = 0;
    v->flags = 0;
    v->index = cmcf->variables.nelts - 1;

    return cmcf->variables.nelts - 1;
}


ngx_http_variable_value_t *
ngx_http_get_indexed_variable(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_uint_t index)
{
    ngx_http_variable_t        *v;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    cmcf = ngx_http_get_module_main_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);

    if (cmcf->variables.nelts <= index) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, r->connection->log, 0,
                      "unknown variable index: %d", index);
        return NULL;
    }

    if (r->variables[index].not_found || r->variables[index].valid) {
        return &r->variables[index];
    }

    v = cmcf->variables.elts;

    if (v[index].get_handler(r, &r->variables[index], v[index].data)
        == NGX_OK)
    {
        if (v[index].flags & NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOCACHABLE) {
            r->variables[index].no_cachable = 1;
        }

        return &r->variables[index];
    }

    r->variables[index].valid = 0;
    r->variables[index].not_found = 1;

    return NULL;
}


ngx_http_variable_value_t *
ngx_http_get_flushed_variable(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_uint_t index)
{
    ngx_http_variable_value_t   *v;

    v = &r->variables[index];

    if (v->valid) {
        if (!v->no_cachable) {
            return v;
        }

        v->valid = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
    }

    return ngx_http_get_indexed_variable(r, index);
}


ngx_http_variable_value_t *
ngx_http_get_variable(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_str_t *name, ngx_uint_t key,
    ngx_uint_t nowarn)
{
    ngx_http_variable_t        *v;
    ngx_http_variable_value_t  *vv;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    cmcf = ngx_http_get_module_main_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);

    v = ngx_hash_find(&cmcf->variables_hash, key, name->data, name->len);

    if (v) {
        if (v->flags & NGX_HTTP_VAR_INDEXED) {
            return ngx_http_get_indexed_variable(r, v->index);

        } else {

            vv = ngx_palloc(r->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_variable_value_t));

            if (vv && v->get_handler(r, vv, v->data) == NGX_OK) {
                return vv;
            }

            return NULL;
        }
    }

    vv = ngx_palloc(r->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_variable_value_t));
    if (vv == NULL) {
        return NULL;
    }

    if (ngx_strncmp(name->data, "http_", 5) == 0) {

        if (ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_in(r, vv, (uintptr_t) name)
            == NGX_OK)
        {
            return vv;
        }

        return NULL;
    }

    if (ngx_strncmp(name->data, "sent_http_", 10) == 0) {

        if (ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_out(r, vv, (uintptr_t) name)
            == NGX_OK)
        {
            return vv;
        }

        return NULL;
    }

    vv->not_found = 1;

    if (nowarn == 0) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ERR, r->connection->log, 0,
                      "unknown \"%V\" variable", name);
    }

    return vv;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_request(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_http_variable_value_t *v,
    uintptr_t data)
{
    ngx_str_t  *s;

    s = (ngx_str_t *) ((char *) r + data);

    if (s->data) {
        v->len = s->len;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = s->data;

    } else {
        v->not_found = 1;
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static void
ngx_http_variable_request_set_size(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    ssize_t    s, *sp;
    ngx_str_t  val;

    val.len = v->len & 0xffff;
    val.data = v->data;

    s = ngx_parse_size(&val);

    if (s == NGX_ERROR) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ERR, r->connection->log, 0,
                      "invalid size \"%V\"", &val);
        return;
    }

    sp = (ssize_t *) ((char *) r + data);

    *sp = s;

    return;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_header(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_http_variable_value_t *v,
    uintptr_t data)
{
    ngx_table_elt_t  *h;

    h = *(ngx_table_elt_t **) ((char *) r + data);

    if (h) {
        v->len = h->value.len;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = h->value.data;

    } else {
        v->not_found = 1;
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_headers(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_http_variable_value_t *v,
    uintptr_t data)
{
    ssize_t            len;
    u_char            *p;
    ngx_uint_t         i, n;
    ngx_array_t       *a;
    ngx_table_elt_t  **h;

    a = (ngx_array_t *) ((char *) r + data);

    n = a->nelts;

    if (n == 0) {
        v->not_found = 1;
        return NGX_OK;
    }

    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;

    h = a->elts;

    if (n == 1) {
        v->len = (*h)->value.len;
        v->data = (*h)->value.data;

        return NGX_OK;
    }

    len = - (ssize_t) (sizeof("; ") - 1);

    for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        len += h[i]->value.len + sizeof("; ") - 1;
    }

    p = ngx_palloc(r->pool, len);
    if (p == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    v->len = len;
    v->data = p;

    for (i = 0; /* void */ ; i++) {
        p = ngx_copy(p, h[i]->value.data, h[i]->value.len);

        if (i == n - 1) {
            break;
        }

        *p++ = ';'; *p++ = ' ';
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_in(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    return ngx_http_variable_unknown_header(v, (ngx_str_t *) data,
                                            &r->headers_in.headers.part,
                                            sizeof("http_") - 1);
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_out(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    return ngx_http_variable_unknown_header(v, (ngx_str_t *) data,
                                            &r->headers_out.headers.part,
                                            sizeof("sent_http_") - 1);
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_unknown_header(ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, ngx_str_t *var,
    ngx_list_part_t *part, size_t prefix)
{
    u_char            ch;
    ngx_uint_t        i, n;
    ngx_table_elt_t  *header;

    header = part->elts;

    for (i = 0; /* void */ ; i++) {

        if (i >= part->nelts) {
            if (part->next == NULL) {
                break;
            }

            part = part->next;
            header = part->elts;
            i = 0;
        }

        for (n = 0; n + prefix < var->len && n < header[i].key.len; n++) {
            ch = header[i].key.data[n];

            if (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z') {
                ch |= 0x20;

            } else if (ch == '-') {
                ch = '_';
            }

            if (var->data[n + prefix] != ch) {
                break;
            }
        }

        if (n + prefix == var->len && n == header[i].key.len) {
            v->len = header[i].value.len;
            v->valid = 1;
            v->no_cachable = 0;
            v->not_found = 0;
            v->data = header[i].value.data;

            return NGX_OK;
        }
    }

    v->not_found = 1;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_host(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_http_variable_value_t *v,
    uintptr_t data)
{
    if (r->headers_in.host) {
        v->len = r->headers_in.host_name_len;
        v->data = r->headers_in.host->value.data;

    } else {
        v->len = r->server_name.len;
        v->data = r->server_name.data;
    }

    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_remote_addr(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    v->len = r->connection->addr_text.len;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = r->connection->addr_text.data;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_remote_port(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    ngx_uint_t           port;
    struct sockaddr_in  *sin;

    v->len = 0;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;

    v->data = ngx_palloc(r->pool, sizeof("65535") - 1);
    if (v->data == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    /* AF_INET only */

    if (r->connection->sockaddr->sa_family == AF_INET) {
        sin = (struct sockaddr_in *) r->connection->sockaddr;

        port = ntohs(sin->sin_port);

        if (port > 0 && port < 65536) {
            v->len = ngx_sprintf(v->data, "%ui", port) - v->data;
        }
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_server_addr(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    socklen_t            len;
    ngx_connection_t    *c;
    struct sockaddr_in   sin;

    v->data = ngx_palloc(r->pool, INET_ADDRSTRLEN);
    if (v->data == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    c = r->connection;

    if (r->in_addr == 0) {
        len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
        if (getsockname(c->fd, (struct sockaddr *) &sin, &len) == -1) {
            ngx_connection_error(c, ngx_socket_errno, "getsockname() failed");
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        r->in_addr = sin.sin_addr.s_addr;
    }

    v->len = ngx_inet_ntop(c->listening->family, &r->in_addr,
                           v->data, INET_ADDRSTRLEN);
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_server_port(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    v->len = r->port_text->len - 1;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = r->port_text->data + 1;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_scheme(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
#if (NGX_HTTP_SSL)

    if (r->connection->ssl) {
        v->len = sizeof("https") - 1;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = (u_char *) "https";

        return NGX_OK;
    }

#endif

    v->len = sizeof("http") - 1;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = (u_char *) "http";

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_document_root(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    ngx_str_t                  path;
    ngx_http_core_loc_conf_t  *clcf;

    clcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);

    if (clcf->root_lengths == NULL) {
        v->len = clcf->root.len;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = clcf->root.data;

    } else {
        if (ngx_http_script_run(r, &path, clcf->root_lengths->elts, 0,
                                clcf->root_values->elts)
            == NULL)
        {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        if (ngx_conf_full_name((ngx_cycle_t *) ngx_cycle, &path) == NGX_ERROR) {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        v->len = path.len;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = path.data;
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_request_filename(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    size_t     root;
    ngx_str_t  path;

    if (ngx_http_map_uri_to_path(r, &path, &root, 0) == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    /* ngx_http_map_uri_to_path() allocates memory for terminating '\0' */

    v->len = path.len - 1;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = path.data;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_request_method(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    if (r->main->method_name.data) {
        v->len = r->main->method_name.len;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = r->main->method_name.data;

    } else {
        v->not_found = 1;
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_remote_user(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    ngx_int_t  rc;

    rc = ngx_http_auth_basic_user(r);

    if (rc == NGX_DECLINED) {
        v->not_found = 1;
        return NGX_OK;
    }

    if (rc == NGX_ERROR) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    v->len = r->headers_in.user.len;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = r->headers_in.user.data;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_body_bytes_sent(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    off_t    sent;
    u_char  *p;

    sent = r->connection->sent - r->header_size;

    if (sent < 0) {
        sent = 0;
    }

    p = ngx_palloc(r->pool, NGX_OFF_T_LEN);
    if (p == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    v->len = ngx_sprintf(p, "%O", sent) - p;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = p;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_sent_content_type(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    if (r->headers_out.content_type.len) {
        v->len = r->headers_out.content_type.len;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = r->headers_out.content_type.data;

    } else {
        v->not_found = 1;
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_sent_content_length(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    u_char  *p;

    if (r->headers_out.content_length) {
        v->len = r->headers_out.content_length->value.len;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = r->headers_out.content_length->value.data;

        return NGX_OK;
    }

    if (r->headers_out.content_length_n >= 0) {
        p = ngx_palloc(r->pool, NGX_OFF_T_LEN);
        if (p == NULL) {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        v->len = ngx_sprintf(p, "%O", r->headers_out.content_length_n) - p;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = p;

        return NGX_OK;
    }

    v->not_found = 1;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_sent_last_modified(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    u_char  *p;

    if (r->headers_out.last_modified) {
        v->len = r->headers_out.last_modified->value.len;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = r->headers_out.last_modified->value.data;

        return NGX_OK;
    }

    if (r->headers_out.last_modified_time >= 0) {
        p = ngx_palloc(r->pool,
                   sizeof("Last-Modified: Mon, 28 Sep 1970 06:00:00 GMT") - 1);
        if (p == NULL) {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        v->len = ngx_http_time(p, r->headers_out.last_modified_time) - p;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = p;

        return NGX_OK;
    }

    v->not_found = 1;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_sent_connection(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    size_t   len;
    char    *p;

    if (r->keepalive) {
        len = sizeof("keep-alive") - 1;
        p = "keep-alive";

    } else {
        len = sizeof("close") - 1;
        p = "close";
    }

    v->len = len;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = (u_char *) p;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_sent_keep_alive(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    u_char                    *p;
    ngx_http_core_loc_conf_t  *clcf;

    if (r->keepalive) {
        clcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);

        if (clcf->keepalive_header) {

            p = ngx_palloc(r->pool, sizeof("timeout=") - 1 + NGX_TIME_T_LEN);
            if (p == NULL) {
                return NGX_ERROR;
            }

            v->len = ngx_sprintf(p, "timeout=%T", clcf->keepalive_header) - p;
            v->valid = 1;
            v->no_cachable = 0;
            v->not_found = 0;
            v->data = p;

            return NGX_OK;
        }
    }

    v->not_found = 1;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_sent_transfer_encoding(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    if (r->chunked) {
        v->len = sizeof("chunked") - 1;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = (u_char *) "chunked";

    } else {
        v->not_found = 1;
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_request_completion(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    if (r->request_complete) {
        v->len = 2;
        v->valid = 1;
        v->no_cachable = 0;
        v->not_found = 0;
        v->data = (u_char *) "OK";

        return NGX_OK;
    }

    v->len = 0;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = (u_char *) "";

    return NGX_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variable_request_body_file(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_variable_value_t *v, uintptr_t data)
{
    if (r->request_body == NULL || r->request_body->temp_file == NULL) {
        v->not_found = 1;

        return NGX_OK;
    }

    v->len = r->request_body->temp_file->file.name.len;
    v->valid = 1;
    v->no_cachable = 0;
    v->not_found = 0;
    v->data = r->request_body->temp_file->file.name.data;

    return NGX_OK;
}


ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variables_add_core_vars(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_int_t                   rc;
    ngx_http_variable_t        *v;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    cmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_core_module);

    cmcf->variables_keys = ngx_pcalloc(cf->temp_pool,
                                       sizeof(ngx_hash_keys_arrays_t));
    if (cmcf->variables_keys == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    cmcf->variables_keys->pool = cf->pool;
    cmcf->variables_keys->temp_pool = cf->pool;

    if (ngx_hash_keys_array_init(cmcf->variables_keys, NGX_HASH_SMALL)
        != NGX_OK)
    {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    for (v = ngx_http_core_variables; v->name.len; v++) {
        rc = ngx_hash_add_key(cmcf->variables_keys, &v->name, v,
                              NGX_HASH_READONLY_KEY);

        if (rc == NGX_OK) {
            continue;
        }

        if (rc == NGX_BUSY) {
            ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                               "conflicting variable name \"%V\"", &v->name);
        }

        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


ngx_int_t
ngx_http_variables_init_vars(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_uint_t                  i, n;
    ngx_hash_key_t             *key;
    ngx_hash_init_t             hash;
    ngx_http_variable_t        *v, *av;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    /* set the handlers for the indexed http variables */

    cmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_core_module);

    v = cmcf->variables.elts;
    key = cmcf->variables_keys->keys.elts;

    for (i = 0; i < cmcf->variables.nelts; i++) {

        for (n = 0; n < cmcf->variables_keys->keys.nelts; n++) {

            if (v[i].name.len == key[n].key.len
                && ngx_strncmp(v[i].name.data, key[n].key.data, v[i].name.len)
                   == 0)
            {
                av = key[n].value;

                v[i].get_handler = av->get_handler;
                v[i].data = av->data;

                av->flags |= NGX_HTTP_VAR_INDEXED;
                v[i].flags = av->flags;

                av->index = i;

                goto next;
            }
        }

        if (ngx_strncmp(v[i].name.data, "http_", 5) == 0) {
            v[i].get_handler = ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_in;
            v[i].data = (uintptr_t) &v[i].name;

            continue;
        }

        if (ngx_strncmp(v[i].name.data, "sent_http_", 10) == 0) {
            v[i].get_handler = ngx_http_variable_unknown_header_out;
            v[i].data = (uintptr_t) &v[i].name;

            continue;
        }

        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf->log, 0,
                      "unknown \"%V\" variable", &v[i].name);

        return NGX_ERROR;

    next:
        continue;
    }


    for (n = 0; n < cmcf->variables_keys->keys.nelts; n++) {
        av = key[n].value;

        if (av->flags & NGX_HTTP_VAR_NOHASH) {
            key[n].key.data = NULL;
        }
    }


    hash.hash = &cmcf->variables_hash;
    hash.key = ngx_hash_key;
    hash.max_size = cmcf->variables_hash_max_size;
    hash.bucket_size = cmcf->variables_hash_bucket_size;
    hash.name = "variables_hash";
    hash.pool = cf->pool;
    hash.temp_pool = NULL;

    if (ngx_hash_init(&hash, cmcf->variables_keys->keys.elts,
                      cmcf->variables_keys->keys.nelts)
        != NGX_OK)
    {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    cmcf->variables_keys = NULL;

    return NGX_OK;
}

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