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ngx_process.c

/*
 * Copyright (C) Igor Sysoev
 */


#include <ngx_config.h>
#include <ngx_core.h>
#include <ngx_event.h>
#include <ngx_channel.h>


typedef struct {
     int     signo;
     char   *signame;
     void  (*handler)(int signo);
} ngx_signal_t;



static void ngx_execute_proc(ngx_cycle_t *cycle, void *data);
static void ngx_signal_handler(int signo);
static void ngx_process_get_status(void);


int              ngx_argc;
char           **ngx_argv;
char           **ngx_os_argv;

ngx_int_t        ngx_process_slot;
ngx_socket_t     ngx_channel;
ngx_int_t        ngx_last_process;
ngx_process_t    ngx_processes[NGX_MAX_PROCESSES];


ngx_signal_t  signals[] = {
    { ngx_signal_value(NGX_RECONFIGURE_SIGNAL),
      "SIG" ngx_value(NGX_RECONFIGURE_SIGNAL),
      ngx_signal_handler },

    { ngx_signal_value(NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL),
      "SIG" ngx_value(NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL),
      ngx_signal_handler },

    { ngx_signal_value(NGX_NOACCEPT_SIGNAL),
      "SIG" ngx_value(NGX_NOACCEPT_SIGNAL),
      ngx_signal_handler },

    { ngx_signal_value(NGX_TERMINATE_SIGNAL),
      "SIG" ngx_value(NGX_TERMINATE_SIGNAL),
      ngx_signal_handler },

    { ngx_signal_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL),
      "SIG" ngx_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL),
      ngx_signal_handler },

    { ngx_signal_value(NGX_CHANGEBIN_SIGNAL),
      "SIG" ngx_value(NGX_CHANGEBIN_SIGNAL),
      ngx_signal_handler },

    { SIGALRM, "SIGALRM", ngx_signal_handler },

    { SIGINT, "SIGINT", ngx_signal_handler },

    { SIGIO, "SIGIO", ngx_signal_handler },

    { SIGCHLD, "SIGCHLD", ngx_signal_handler },

    { SIGPIPE, "SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN", SIG_IGN },

    { 0, NULL, NULL }
};


ngx_pid_t
ngx_spawn_process(ngx_cycle_t *cycle, ngx_spawn_proc_pt proc, void *data,
    char *name, ngx_int_t respawn)
{
    u_long     on;
    ngx_pid_t  pid;
    ngx_int_t  s;

    if (respawn >= 0) {
        s = respawn;

    } else {
        for (s = 0; s < ngx_last_process; s++) {
            if (ngx_processes[s].pid == -1) {
                break;
            }
        }

        if (s == NGX_MAX_PROCESSES) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, 0,
                          "no more than %d processes can be spawned",
                          NGX_MAX_PROCESSES);
            return NGX_INVALID_PID;
        }
    }


    if (respawn != NGX_PROCESS_DETACHED) {

        /* Solaris 9 still has no AF_LOCAL */

        if (socketpair(AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0, ngx_processes[s].channel) == -1)
        {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                          "socketpair() failed while spawning \"%s\"", name);
            return NGX_INVALID_PID;
        }

        ngx_log_debug2(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_CORE, cycle->log, 0,
                       "channel %d:%d",
                       ngx_processes[s].channel[0],
                       ngx_processes[s].channel[1]);

        if (ngx_nonblocking(ngx_processes[s].channel[0]) == -1) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                          ngx_nonblocking_n " failed while spawning \"%s\"",
                          name);
            ngx_close_channel(ngx_processes[s].channel, cycle->log);
            return NGX_INVALID_PID;
        }

        if (ngx_nonblocking(ngx_processes[s].channel[1]) == -1) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                          ngx_nonblocking_n " failed while spawning \"%s\"",
                          name);
            ngx_close_channel(ngx_processes[s].channel, cycle->log);
            return NGX_INVALID_PID;
        }

        on = 1;
        if (ioctl(ngx_processes[s].channel[0], FIOASYNC, &on) == -1) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                          "ioctl(FIOASYNC) failed while spawning \"%s\"", name);
            ngx_close_channel(ngx_processes[s].channel, cycle->log);
            return NGX_INVALID_PID;
        }

        if (fcntl(ngx_processes[s].channel[0], F_SETOWN, ngx_pid) == -1) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                          "fcntl(F_SETOWN) failed while spawning \"%s\"", name);
            ngx_close_channel(ngx_processes[s].channel, cycle->log);
            return NGX_INVALID_PID;
        }

        if (fcntl(ngx_processes[s].channel[0], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) == -1) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                          "fcntl(FD_CLOEXEC) failed while spawning \"%s\"",
                           name);
            ngx_close_channel(ngx_processes[s].channel, cycle->log);
            return NGX_INVALID_PID;
        }

        if (fcntl(ngx_processes[s].channel[1], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) == -1) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                          "fcntl(FD_CLOEXEC) failed while spawning \"%s\"",
                           name);
            ngx_close_channel(ngx_processes[s].channel, cycle->log);
            return NGX_INVALID_PID;
        }

        ngx_channel = ngx_processes[s].channel[1];

    } else {
        ngx_processes[s].channel[0] = -1;
        ngx_processes[s].channel[1] = -1;
    }

    ngx_process_slot = s;


    pid = fork();

    switch (pid) {

    case -1:
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                      "fork() failed while spawning \"%s\"", name);
        ngx_close_channel(ngx_processes[s].channel, cycle->log);
        return NGX_INVALID_PID;

    case 0:
        ngx_pid = ngx_getpid();
        proc(cycle, data);
        break;

    default:
        break;
    }

    ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_NOTICE, cycle->log, 0, "start %s %P", name, pid);

    ngx_processes[s].pid = pid;
    ngx_processes[s].exited = 0;

    if (respawn >= 0) {
        return pid;
    }

    ngx_processes[s].proc = proc;
    ngx_processes[s].data = data;
    ngx_processes[s].name = name;
    ngx_processes[s].exiting = 0;

    switch (respawn) {

    case NGX_PROCESS_RESPAWN:
        ngx_processes[s].respawn = 1;
        ngx_processes[s].just_respawn = 0;
        ngx_processes[s].detached = 0;
        break;

    case NGX_PROCESS_JUST_RESPAWN:
        ngx_processes[s].respawn = 1;
        ngx_processes[s].just_respawn = 1;
        ngx_processes[s].detached = 0;
        break;

    case NGX_PROCESS_DETACHED:
        ngx_processes[s].respawn = 0;
        ngx_processes[s].just_respawn = 0;
        ngx_processes[s].detached = 1;
        break;
    }

    if (s == ngx_last_process) {
        ngx_last_process++;
    }

    return pid;
}


ngx_pid_t
ngx_execute(ngx_cycle_t *cycle, ngx_exec_ctx_t *ctx)
{
    return ngx_spawn_process(cycle, ngx_execute_proc, ctx, ctx->name,
                             NGX_PROCESS_DETACHED);
}


static void
ngx_execute_proc(ngx_cycle_t *cycle, void *data)
{
    ngx_exec_ctx_t  *ctx = data;

    if (execve(ctx->path, ctx->argv, ctx->envp) == -1) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno,
                      "execve() failed while executing %s \"%s\"",
                      ctx->name, ctx->path);
    }

    exit(1);
}


ngx_int_t
ngx_init_signals(ngx_log_t *log)
{
    ngx_signal_t      *sig;
    struct sigaction   sa;

    for (sig = signals; sig->signo != 0; sig++) {
        ngx_memzero(&sa, sizeof(struct sigaction));
        sa.sa_handler = sig->handler;
        sigemptyset(&sa.sa_mask);
        if (sigaction(sig->signo, &sa, NULL) == -1) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, log, ngx_errno,
                          "sigaction(%s) failed", sig->signame);
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


void
ngx_signal_handler(int signo)
{
    char            *action;
    ngx_int_t        ignore;
    ngx_err_t        err;
    ngx_signal_t    *sig;

    ignore = 0;

    err = ngx_errno;

    for (sig = signals; sig->signo != 0; sig++) {
        if (sig->signo == signo) {
            break;
        }
    }

    ngx_time_update(0, 0);

    action = "";

    switch (ngx_process) {

    case NGX_PROCESS_MASTER:
    case NGX_PROCESS_SINGLE:
        switch (signo) {

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL):
            ngx_quit = 1;
            action = ", shutting down";
            break;

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_TERMINATE_SIGNAL):
        case SIGINT:
            ngx_terminate = 1;
            action = ", exiting";
            break;

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_NOACCEPT_SIGNAL):
            ngx_noaccept = 1;
            action = ", stop accepting connections";
            break;

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_RECONFIGURE_SIGNAL):
            ngx_reconfigure = 1;
            action = ", reconfiguring";
            break;

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL):
            ngx_reopen = 1;
            action = ", reopening logs";
            break;

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_CHANGEBIN_SIGNAL):
            if (getppid() > 1 || ngx_new_binary > 0) {

                /*
                 * Ignore the signal in the new binary if its parent is
                 * not the init process, i.e. the old binary's process
                 * is still running.  Or ignore the signal in the old binary's
                 * process if the new binary's process is already running.
                 */

                action = ", ignoring";
                ignore = 1;
                break;
            }

            ngx_change_binary = 1;
            action = ", changing binary";
            break;

        case SIGALRM:
            break;

        case SIGIO:
            ngx_sigio = 1;
            break;

        case SIGCHLD:
            ngx_reap = 1;
            break;
        }

        break;

    case NGX_PROCESS_WORKER:
        switch (signo) {

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_NOACCEPT_SIGNAL):
            ngx_debug_quit = 1;
        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL):
            ngx_quit = 1;
            action = ", shutting down";
            break;

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_TERMINATE_SIGNAL):
        case SIGINT:
            ngx_terminate = 1;
            action = ", exiting";
            break;

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL):
            ngx_reopen = 1;
            action = ", reopening logs";
            break;

        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_RECONFIGURE_SIGNAL):
        case ngx_signal_value(NGX_CHANGEBIN_SIGNAL):
        case SIGIO:
            action = ", ignoring";
            break;
        }

        break;
    }

    ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_NOTICE, ngx_cycle->log, 0,
                  "signal %d (%s) received%s", signo, sig->signame, action);

    if (ignore) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_CRIT, ngx_cycle->log, 0,
                      "the changing binary signal is ignored: "
                      "you should shutdown or terminate "
                      "before either old or new binary's process");
    }

    if (signo == SIGCHLD) {
        ngx_process_get_status();
    }

    ngx_set_errno(err);
}


static void
ngx_process_get_status(void)
{
    int              status;
    char            *process;
    ngx_pid_t        pid;
    ngx_err_t        err;
    ngx_int_t        i;
    ngx_uint_t       one;

    one = 0;

    for ( ;; ) {
        pid = waitpid(-1, &status, WNOHANG);

        if (pid == 0) {
            return;
        }

        if (pid == -1) {
            err = ngx_errno;

            if (err == NGX_EINTR) {
                continue;
            }

            if (err == NGX_ECHILD && one) {
                return;
            }

#if (NGX_SOLARIS)

            /*
             * Solaris always calls the signal handler for each exited process
             * despite waitpid() may be already called for this process
             */

            if (err == NGX_ECHILD) {
                ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_INFO, ngx_cycle->log, errno,
                              "waitpid() failed");
                return;
            }

#endif

            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, ngx_cycle->log, errno,
                          "waitpid() failed");

            return;
        }


        if (ngx_accept_mutex_ptr) {

            /*
             * unlock the accept mutex if the abnormally exited process
             * held it
             */

            ngx_atomic_cmp_set(ngx_accept_mutex_ptr, pid, 0);
        }


        one = 1;
        process = "unknown process";

        for (i = 0; i < ngx_last_process; i++) {
            if (ngx_processes[i].pid == pid) {
                ngx_processes[i].status = status;
                ngx_processes[i].exited = 1;
                process = ngx_processes[i].name;
                break;
            }
        }

        if (WTERMSIG(status)) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, ngx_cycle->log, 0,
                          "%s %P exited on signal %d%s",
                          process, pid, WTERMSIG(status),
                          WCOREDUMP(status) ? " (core dumped)" : "");

        } else {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_NOTICE, ngx_cycle->log, 0,
                          "%s %P exited with code %d",
                          process, pid, WEXITSTATUS(status));
        }

        if (WEXITSTATUS(status) == 2 && ngx_processes[i].respawn) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, ngx_cycle->log, 0,
                        "%s %P exited with fatal code %d and could not respawn",
                        process, pid, WEXITSTATUS(status));
            ngx_processes[i].respawn = 0;
        }
    }
}


void
ngx_debug_point(void)
{
    ngx_core_conf_t  *ccf;

    ccf = (ngx_core_conf_t *) ngx_get_conf(ngx_cycle->conf_ctx,
                                           ngx_core_module);

    switch (ccf->debug_points) {

    case NGX_DEBUG_POINTS_STOP:
        raise(SIGSTOP);
        break;

    case NGX_DEBUG_POINTS_ABORT:
        ngx_abort();
    }
}

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